Hair fall is a natural process in dogs. As the old hairs fall out, a new set of hair grows to replace them. However, hair loss in Golden Retrievers turns out to be a problem when excessive shedding causes bald spots on their beautiful coat and leads to the loss of their flowing locks. The underlying reason could be any of the following.
Skin Infections Cause Hair Loss in Golden Retrievers
Their unhealthy skin may be the primary reason for hair loss in Golden Retrievers. Yeast, fungus, ringworm, and bacteria may cause skin infections, inflammation, eczema, or atopic dermatitis, which affect the hair-bearing capacity of the skin. It results in hair fall in patches while preventing the growth of new hair on the infected area. Similarly, parasites, such as fleas, ticks, and mites, force a dog to bite or scratch his skin. This damages the skin, causing hair loss.
Allergies and Hair Loss in Golden Retrievers
Dog allergy associated with food or linked to skin contacts, such as fleas, could be a cause of hair loss in Golden Retrievers. Allergies cause an extremely itchy skin, forcing dogs to scratch or bite out their hair on the coat. Contact allergies are mostly traced to chemicals, smoke, perfumes, and plants.
Allergy-causing food grains, such as corn, soy, or those with a high amount of gluten, may result in the production of antibodies in the dog’s body to prevent their breakdown. As a result, there is intestine inflammation and malabsorption of nutrients. The antibodies also attack hair follicles. This leads to hair loss.
Poor Nutrition Leads to Hair Loss in Golden Retrievers
You must provide sufficient vitamins, fatty acids, and other essential nutrients to your dog to help him maintain a healthy coat. Hair loss in Golden Retrievers is likely when they have no adequate supply of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids in their diet. The hair loss becomes widespread and affects the entire body.
Omega-3 fatty acids keep the skin hydrated and protect it from the impacts of allergies, pollution, stress, and the absence of a good diet. Omega-6 fatty acids stimulate skin and hair growth while preventing atopic dermatitis and baldness caused by eczema. Vitamin A, B3, B5, and E also promote good coat and hair health. A healthy coat has the better ability to hold hairs.
Abnormality in Internal Organs
- Impaired liver function causes dryness and other abnormalities, affecting the skin and resulting in hair loss in dogs.
- The Inability of intestines to absorb essential nutrients required for healthy skin and hair also contributes to hair loss in Golden Retrievers.
- Inflammatory bowel disease can lead to the thinning out of the hair.
- Cancer in dogs and treatment using chemotherapy are known to cause hair loss.
- Kidney problem is also a reason for the dull coat in Golden Retrievers and a factor in hair loss.
Impaired Blood Flow Promotes Hair Loss
Hair follicles receive nutrition and nourishment through adequate and constant blood flow. When your Golden has a low blood pressure, anemia, or an improperly pumping heart, it is likely that the blood circulation does not reach follicles effectively. As a result, the coat turns dull with a sharp fall in the growth of new hair. This worsens hair loss in Golden Retrievers.
Hair Loss Because of Changes in Hormone Levels
Hormones, such as testosterone, estrogen, melatonin, thyroid, and cortisol, affect the growth and fall of hair in your dog. Abnormality in these hormonal levels due to glandular dysfunction or allergies results in excessive hair loss in Golden Retrievers.
Thyroid hormone promotes cell growth, strengthening skin cells and hair follicles. Its insufficiency results in the thinning and falling out of the hair. The lack of adequate cortisol and melatonin slows down the pace of new hair growth, causing prominent hair loss. Testosterone and estrogen indirectly impact the hair life cycle.
Side Effects of Pet Medications
Medications are likely to cause a change in the hormonal level of your dog and may result in his hair loss. It is common to see baldness at the injection site. In rare cases, such hair loss worsens and spreads.
The application of topical steroids to treat flea and ticks may also shrink follicles and adversely affect the growth of new hair.
Pet Behavior and Hair Loss in Golden Retrievers
Excessive stress, boredom, and separation anxiety also contribute to hair loss. Such psychological disorders often lead to excessive licking of the skin by the dog, and this may result in a disorder called acral lick dermatitis.
The obsessive licking becomes so vigorous that the skin breaks down, resulting in the loss of hair cover. Saliva causes further irritation, leading to dermatitis in a specific area on the coat. The skin becomes vulnerable to yeast and bacterial infection, with the risk of hair loss spreading to other areas.
Such type of hair loss in Golden Retrievers is apparent on their legs and other areas that they can reach with their tongues.
Medical Conditions Responsible for Hair Loss in Golden Retrievers
- Mange, a mite-induced skin disease that damages hair follicles with persistent inflammation and itching
- Cushing’s disease or excessive production of adrenal cortisol steroid
- Follicular dysplasia or abnormal follicle, causing hair loss in all areas except the head and limbs
- Dermatosis causing skin lesions or eruptions
- Dry skin leading to hair damage
- Dog testicle or ovarian tumor
- Alopecia due to hormonal imbalance
- Pressure sores or decubital ulcers in senior dogs
- Parasite-induced alopecia due to the presence of ticks, yeast, lice, or other pathogens on the coat